Our Big Island Travel Guide will help you get to wherever you are going on the Big Island. With over 4,000 square miles (more than 10,400 square km) to explore, this is a very big playground! In fact the Big Island is nearly double the size of all the other Hawaiian Islands combined.
Given its size, the Big Island is really very easy to navigate. The two primary access highways are Highways 11 and 19. They create a loop around the entire island, with Highway 11 stretching 125 miles (201 kilometers) between Hilo and Kailua-Kona around the south end of the island, and Highway 19 winding around the north, 98 miles (158 k) from Hilo to Kailua-Kona.
Highway mileage markers start at zero in Hilo and increase heading north, south and west. In other words, whether you are on Highway 11 or Highway 19, if you are at mile post 40, you are 40 miles from Hilo.
Because roads on the Big Island are often narrow and winding, distances are typically given in time rather than mileage. Traveling on Highway 11 from Hilo to Kona will take close to 3 hours, and driving Highway 19 around the north will take about 2 hours. The speed limit never exceeds 55 mph (88 kph).
Try not to be in a hurry! You're in Hawaii. Some stretches of road are not well marked, and if you rush you may miss that hidden turnoff to that secret beach you were looking for. Plus, most police drive their own cars, so you often won't be able to tell when they are right next to you. And speedtraps are not uncommon.
Highway 200 (the Saddle Road) winds 51 miles across the saddle that runs between Mauna Loa and Mauna Kea. If you are in a hurry to get across to the other side of the island, this route can shave about 30 minutes off the northern route (Highway 19), unless you run into bad weather. If it's raining or foggy it can be a real nightmare. It's also not nearly as scenic as Highway 19. Our Big Island travel guide tip: we don't generally use the Saddle Road unless we are heading up Mauna Kea.
The Kohala Mountain Road offers stunning views of the west coast as it stretches across the grassy slopes and sparsely wooded areas of Kohala. Begin in Waimea, drive west 2 miles on Highway 19, then veer northwest on Highway 250.
One of our favorite scenic drives winds 55 miles along the Hamakua coast, Highway 19 between Hilo and the northern town of Waimea. There are many waterfalls and dramatic views of the east coast along this stretch of highway, in addition to a number of scenic byways and diversions. Take your time!
Make a day of it and continue northwest from Waimea to the cute artist community of Hawi. Known as the Kohala Mountain Road, Route 250 is a 40 minute stretch of scenic highway running across the upper flank of the Kohala volcano.
There are two commercial airports and two seaports on the Big Island. When you fly into Kona International Airport on the west side of the island, don't be dismayed by the barren landscape! The airport is built on the lava flow from the 1801 Hualalai volcano eruption. It is arid and bleak, but what better place for an airport, right? Trust us, it gets much better as soon as you leave the airport! When you leave the Kona airport, you can head either north or south along state Highway 19. The village of Kailua-Kona is 15 minutes to the south, and the Kohala Coast resorts are 15-30 minutes to the north.
When flying into Hilo, the landscape is naturally more lush. Hilo is on the edge of a tropical rainforest and receives more than 100 inches more rainfall per year than the coastal region north of Kona. As you leave the Hilo airport, Highway 11 heads south toward Volcano and Highway 19 heads north along the east coast.
Before you leave the airport, grab a couple of the free tourism pamphlets. They will prove useful as a Big Island travel guide since most of them include a nice map of the Big Island. Otherwise you can find a Hawaii Big Island map at most gas stations and convenience stores. Even in the era of GPS gadgets on everything, a real map is a nice addition.
Wherever you go, try not to look too much like a tourist. In other words, secure your car by not leaving anything in sight that might be tempting to a potential vandal, especially in remote parking areas near beaches or trailheads.